## The 8 Distance Systems of Space

Date: Thu, 23 Jan 1997 08:10:26 GMT
From: davk@netcom.com (David Kaufman)
Organization: Netcom On-Line Services
Newsgroups: k12.ed.math, k12.ed.science, k12.chat.senior, k12.chat.junior, k12.chat.teacher, k12.chat.elementary, sci.math, sci.physics
Subject: 8 Distance Systems of Space.

1. How is E related to the power of 10?

```
1    = 10^0  = 1E+0
10   = 10^1  = 1E+1          1/10   = 10^-1  = 1E-1
100  = 10^2  = 1E+2          1/100  = 10^-2  = 1E-2
1000 = 10^3  = 1E+3          1/1000 = 10^-3  = 1E-3  etc.

The E above stands for 10.  To the right of E is the
exponent of 10 (which specifies how many 10's to multiply
together).  The number of zeros in the numeral above equals
the exponent of the E.
```

2. What are the 8 distance systems of space?
```
Name       System Middle    1/1000 Middle    1000 Middle
(meters)          (meters)       (meters)
___________________________________________________________
1. Nuclear       1E-18             1E-21          1E-15
2. Atom          1E-12             1E-15          1E-9
3. Micro         1E-6              1E-9           1E-3

4  Man           1E-0              1E-3           1E+3

5. Continent     1E+6              1E+3           1E+9
6. Solar         1E+12             1E+9           1E+15
7. Galaxy        1E+18             1E+15          1E+21

8. Universe      1E+24             1E+21          1E+27

Above, the upper size of each distance system is 1000
times its middle distance and the lower size is 1/1000 its
geometric middle distance.
```

3. How is the Man distance system similar to each system? Man Distance System (Middle = 1 meter) 1 meter (m) | 10 m | 100 m | 1000 m | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| man system | house | street | neighborhood | middle | | | | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| ___________________________________________________________ 1 meter (m) | (1/10) m | (1/100) m | (1/1000) m | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| man system | meal | bite | crumb | middle | | | | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| Note: 1E+4 meters = 6.2 miles 1E-4 m = .1 millimeter = about 1/10 a dime's thickness 1E-4 m = A speck (My new idea.)

4. How does the man distance system help understand the other distance systems? Continent System (Middle = 1E+6 meters) 1E+6 meters X | (10 m) = | (100 m) = | (1000 m) = | | 1E+7 m | 1E+8 m | 1E+9 m | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| Continent | earth | atmosphere | earth-moon | distance | | | | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| ___________________________________________________________ 1E+6 meters X | (1/10 m) = | (1/100 m) = | (1/1000 m) = | | 1E+5 m | 1E+4 m | 1E+3 m | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| Continent | state | city | neighborhood | distance | | | | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________|

5. Solar System (Middle = 1E+12 meters) 1E+12 meters X| (10 m) = | (100 m) = | (1000 m) = | | 1E+13 m | 1E+14 m | 1E+15 m | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| Solar | | | 1/10 to stars | system middle | | | | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| ___________________________________________________________ 1E+12 meters X| (1/10 m) = | (1/100 m) = | (1/1000 m) = | | 1E+11 m | 1E+10 m | 1E+9 m | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| Sun to outer |sun to earth| | sun diameter | planets | | | | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________|

6. How is the atom system similar to the solar system? In the table below, fill in the exponents of E in the atom system. Then compare relative size similarities of the atom system to the solar system. Atom System (Middle = 1E-12 meters) 1E-12 meters X| (10 m) = | (100 m) = | (1000 m) = | | 1E____m | 1E____m | 1E____m | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| Atom | | Outermost | Atoms become | system | | Electrons | a gas. | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| ___________________________________________________________ E-12 meters | (1/10 m) = | (1/100 m) = | (1/1000 m) = | | 1E m | 1E m | 1E m | ______________|____________|_____________|_________________| Innermost | Nothing | Nothing | Nucleus | electrons | | |Concentrated mass| ______________|____________|_____________|_________________|

C by David Kaufman, Jan. 23, 1997 Be good. Do good. Be one. And go jolly. ----------------------------------------------------------- *********************Consider Also************************* To Be a leader: Create a 1-10-100 Education Network. Get 10 people who each get 10 new people to share the above ideas with interested others. *********************************************************** Anyone interested in constructive collaboration? I am open to collaborate to improve k12 education in math, physical science and ethics. Do email me, if interested in working to improve education. If you have 1 page of a useful idea to work on, do send me it.

David Kaufman may be contacted by E-Mail at davk@netcom.com